The Addis Ababa Action Agenda emphasizes the importance of international development cooperation and partnerships in the health sector.
The Addis Agenda specifically:
- Encourages better alignment between multistakeholder partnerships in health and to improve contributions to strengthening health systems
- Commits to enhanced international coordination and enabling environments to strengthen national health systems
- Commits to substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially LDCs and SIDS
- Commits to strengthening implementation of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
The spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) has raised questions of whether resources are sufficient. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that it needed $675.5 million to combat COVID-19. By mid-March 2020, WHO received $103.4 million. WHO also received $15 million from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) and $9.5 million from the Contingency Fund for Emergencies (CFE). The CERF is a grant-making facility started in 2006 to fund very early responses to humanitarian emergencies and to support humanitarian response activities, while the CFE gives WHO the resources to respond quickly to disease outbreaks and humanitarian crises with health consequences. Other mechanisms to address pandemics include the World Bank Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility (PEF). However, there are concerns over the sustainability of these mechanisms, due to the limited support by donors. For example, only three donors account for most of the funding to the CFE (75 per cent) and PEF (100 per cent).
Relevant SDG indicator
- 3.a.1 Age-standardized prevalence of current tobacco use among persons aged 15 years and older
- 3.c.1 Health worker density and distribution
- Promoting sustainable health financing under the Global Action Plan for Healthy Lives and Well-being for All (WHO, 2020)
- Main outcomes of the eight session of the Conference of the Parties to the WHO FCTC (WHO, 2020)